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Review 8

גיליון 8 – חושים, ינו' 03

פורומים מקצועיים במכון תנובה למחקר

professional forum was held at the Tnuva Research related issue No. 7 of the magazine – women, men and everything in between

lecture surrounded the subject of three diverse areas: – women against themselves. Autoimmune Diseases in Women – Dr. Rachel Adato-Levy – The gender difference in work and relationships – Prof. Ayala Malach-Pines – women. Attitudes, needs and aspirations – Tamar Biram

women against themselves. autoimmune diseases Men Dr Rachel Adto- Levy , Vice President Medicine, Shaare Zedek medical Center, Chairman of the National Council for women's health autoimmune diseases are diseases related to the immune system. Underlying the autoimmune disease is the failure of the ability of the immune system to recognize 'foreign cells' and so the result is that the immune system "confused" and instead play a role against outside intruders, it attacks the inside and causing damage. autoimmune diseases are more common in women. Survey data from the US (1997) It seems that the prevalence among women is 2.7 times higher than for men. Multiple Sclerosis 2x common example, rheumatoid arthritis is common to 3x, and lupus According 10-15. Why do almost all autoimmune diseases are more common among women than men ? probably Slhormoni Gender plays an important role in regulating the immune system apart and along with them the autoimmune diseases aside. outbreaks of autoimmune diseases prevalence in situations where occur hormonal changes such as puberty, after childbirth and so on. this is also why the incidence of autoimmune diseases is higher among young women, Aslan levels estrogen higher. Apparently, estrogen is responsible for the immune system of the woman would be far more effective than the man. woman immune system "stronger" than the man: antibody levels higher antibody response to increased stimuli, cellular response to increased such as transplant rejection and resistance high infection. On the other hand, are equipped with the immune system better, they are also suffering from a more autoimmune diseases, therefore women being cost effective immune system more prone to developing autoimmune diseases than men.

The gender difference at work and relationship Prof. Ayala Malach-Pines School of management, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

"A person can live wonderful if he knows how to work and how to love." – Tolstoy lives of men and women – including marital ties and work – have changed dramatically in 50 years. (For example, 40% of women with academic earn as much from the husband, and – third of single parent parents are fathers). But the dominant theories in the field have not changed. Traditional theories about gender, work and family (gender differences highlighted): Theories functionalist: Parsons, 1949)): The optimal arrangement is the father works and the mother takes care of the family. The reason for biological advantage – because it is better to take care of the mother gives birth to a child. (The dominant approach in sociology until the end of the 80s) psychoanalytic theories: "Anatomy is destiny" declared Freud. Critical early years in the development of individual and different effects for the boy and girl because of the anatomical difference between them. Embedded gender differences in childhood (according to de Freud, object relations theory and feminist psychoanalyst as Gilligan and Tz'iodoroao). Theories sociobiology: the gender differences are the result of parental 'investment difference " as a result of men and women in competitive therapeutic (winners of evolution) The problem in all of these theories is that numerous studies indicate that large differences in features and capabilities between men and women, role nontraditional good for both sexes, parenting and relationships are important to men, and important career women. an alternative theory: the theory of expansion (Rosalind Barnett & Janet Shibley Hyde, 2002) functions duplicate beneficial psychological and physical well men and women. For example, working women are less depressed, less pressing against children, male parents suffer less, income inequality increases marital satisfaction for men and for women. Double jobs protected. The reasons: Brake pressure: in men a good relationship with your partner / children all working pressures for women challenging work inhibits half Parenting extra salary: reduces financial pressures that characterize one salary. Social support: Multiple roles up opportunities Confirm E Social and build support systems social that reduce stress and improve health. more chance to experience success (even more opportunity to experience failure, discrimination, harassment). expanding horizons: the possibility to get a perspective of other people on the issues and pressures. increasing complexity of self – and therefore less possibility of vibration perception of self. similar experiences of husband and the woman sticks on their interactions and increase the quality of the connection.

women. Attitudes, needs and aspirations Tamar Biram , director of research and strategy, advertising agency Kesher Barel

in order to deepen the knowledge and understanding of the content areas of working women and mothers of children by the advertising agency, was conducted qualitative research that included meetings are open and spontaneous with more than 150 women in focus groups, along with interviews and a review of media. the study results indicate several key points: the central task of women is to maneuver incessant between arenas of life various and different roles – mother, wife, daughter, wife of a career and more. mothers ranked first among all positions. the mothers and the family provides a range of emotions: on the one hand satisfaction and pride, on the other, frustration and anxiety . Therefore, women express a strong need for recognition on the part of the husband, children, and environmental problems and the huge investment required of them. the work is recourse debt against your home and family on the one hand, the means for self-fulfillment on the other hand. big wish of Israeli women – have not just give. gain time that you can devote herself, without being preoccupied with her loved ones.